Yoga is a meditation practice following disciplines incorporating traditional physical and mental processes with origins in India but encompasses Hinduism and Buddhism in the type of pose or positions adopted (asanas), styles of breathing, and meditation to get better circulation, muscle tone, and spiritual and mental health.
Yoga has six main branches: Hatha, Bhakti, Jnana, Karma, Raja,Tantra. and these in turn have many styles, described following:
Ananda - to harmonise the body, mind and emotions through energy flows in order to regulate oneself with higher levels of awareness.
Anusara - heart-oriented and spiritually inspiring yet simultaneously grounded in a deep knowledge of outer and inner body alignment.
Ashtanga - physically demanding workout. A series of flows are moved through, jumping from one posture to another to build strength, flexibility and stamina.
Bikram - 26 positions designed to warm and stretch muscles, ligaments and tendons, are performed whilst building heat.
Integral - a lot of emphasis on meditation as well as postures. This style is well known for its groundbreaking work on reversing heart disease.
Iyengar - one of the best-known and most popular but requires a great amount of attention to detail and the precise alignment of postures, as well as the use of props such as blocks and belts.
Kali Ray Tri - flowing and sustaining of postures are combined to increase flexibility, strength, endurance and knowledge of the flows.
Kripalu - focus on the physical and psychological reactions caused by various postures to develop awareness of mind, body, emotion and spirit.
Kundalini - focuses on the controlled release of energy involving classic poses, breath, coordination of breath, movement and meditation.
Sivananda - set structure that includes breath control (pranayama), classic yoga postures (asana) and relaxation.
Svaroopa Yoga - teaches significantly different ways of doing familiar poses, emphasizing the opening of the spine by beginning at the tailbone and progressing through each spinal area in turn.