REHABILITATION DRUG & ALCOHOL
Drug Rehabilitation - (often rehab or drug rehab) is a generic, whole encompassing term for the processes of medical and/or psychotherapeutic treatment, for reliance on psychoactive substances like alcohol, prescription drugs, street and dance-club drugs like cocaine, GBH, heroin or amphetamines.
Basic idea is to enable the patient to get off the substance abuse, and not suffer the psychological, legal, financial, social, and physical consequences that result, particularly by blatant and continued overuse.
Drug rehabilitation involves a twofold nature of drug dependency: physical and psychological.
Many types of programs give help in drug rehabilitation, including: in-house treatment (in-patient), out-patient, community and church support groups, extended care, and recovery or sober houses. Newer rehabilitation centres cater for age and gender specific programs.
Pharmacotherapies - Opioid medications like methadone and lately buprenorphine are being used to treat addiction and dependence on other opioids.
Counselling - Traditional addiction treatment is basic counselling. However, recent research have shown people with addictions often have chemical imbalances that make the recovery process more difficult, so they have to obtain treatment or medication to control such imbalances as well.
Drug rehabilitation in some areas is part of the criminal justice system. People convicted of minor drug offences have a choice to rehabilitation instead of prison, and those convicted of driving while intoxicated have to attend sessions at Alcohol Anonymous and go through a course of counselling.