Occupational Health & Safety (OH&S) consists of an integration of a range of disciplines in an area relating to protecting the well-being and ensuring the safety, health and welfare aspects of people engaged in work or employment are addressed adequately.  Secondary to this, it may also protect other people who have personal contact with them (like family members, and other members of the public who are impacted by the workplace environment). Disciplines may include interactions among diverse services, including medical, psychological, chemical and therapy related categories.

Adequate OH&S standards are frequently identified as:

• Moral – An employee should not have to risk injury or death at work, nor should others associated with the work environment.

• Economic – Poor OH&S will result in downtime due to injuries and illnesses

• Legal – Insufficient addressing of OH&S issues which cause injury or illness.

Hazards, risks, outcomes:

• A hazard is something that can cause harm if not controlled.

• The outcome is the harm that comes from an uncontrolled hazard becoming reality

• A risk is the probability that something that will occur that will cause harm or injury

Modern OH&S legislation usually demands that a risk assessment be carried out prior to making an intervention. It should be kept in mind that risk management requires risk to be managed to a level which is as low as is reasonably practical.

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