Homoeopathic medicine is based on natural medicine including herbs. The system is works on the principle that substances that produce symptoms of sickness in a healthy body will have a curative effect when a very dilute quantity of the same substance is given to a sick body that exhibit those same symptoms.
Homeopathic remedies work by stimulating the body's own healing processes. The term "allopathy," is used to to describe conventional drugs which oppose or counteract the symptom being treated.
Homeopathy's aim is the restoration of the body to homeostasis i.e. its normal healthy state. The disease's symptoms are regarded as the manifestations of the body's own defence trying to correct its imbalance, rather than as something to get rid of. Because a homeopath regards symptoms as proof of the body's inner intelligence, he or she will prescribe something designed to activate this internal curing process, rather than trying to get rid of the symptoms.
The patient is not immediately fixed or cured as the healing process normally comes in stages over a period of time, since the healer is actually treating the remains of trauma and sickness that the patient has accumulated over a period of time. The treatment targets the illnesses and trauma in reverse chronological order - the latest sickness or trauma firstly treated then continuing back.
A homeopaths will match a patient's symptoms with the "materia medica" a system of treatment compiled throughout the history of homeopathy. Old-school homeopaths treat only one problem at a time, using only one remedy.
Homeopaths do not consider every symptom when determining the most appropriate medicine, but decide which are the most characteristic.
Homeopathic remedies are generally considered safe, homeopaths have been criticised for putting patients at risk with advice to avoid conventional medicine even if so far, there has been no result using homeopathic methods and medicines.