Gynaecology is the surgical processes dealing with health of the female reproductive system. Nearly all gynaecologists are also obstetricians.
Gynaecology is a medical specialty. Women normally see a general practitioner prior to seeing a gynaecologist. First thing for the gynaecologist to do is to a get clinical history and then an examination, An abdominal and/or vaginal ultrasound can be used to confirm any abnormalities appreciated with the bimanual examination or when indicated by the patient's history.
The main conditions dealt with by a gynaecologist are:
• Amenorrhea (absent menstrual periods)
• Cancer and pre-cancerous diseases of the reproductive organs
• Dysmenorrhoea (painful menstrual periods)
• Incontinence of urine.
• Menorrhagia (heavy menstrual periods). T
• Prolapse of pelvic organs
There is some crossover in these areas. For example, a woman with incontinence may be referred to a urologist.
Gynaecologists use medical or surgical therapies or both.
Surgery, however, is the mainstay of gynaecological therapy, some being:
• Cervical Excision Procedures
• Diagnostic laparoscopy
• Dilation and curettage
• Exploratory laparotomy
• Surgical treatment of pelvic organ
• Tubal ligation
• Various surgical treatments for urinary incontinence