GYNAECOLOGY


Gynaecology is the surgical processes dealing with health of the female reproductive system. Nearly all gynaecologists are also obstetricians.

Gynaecology is a medical specialty. Women normally see a general practitioner prior to seeing a gynaecologist. First thing for the gynaecologist to do is to a get clinical history and then an examination, An abdominal and/or vaginal ultrasound can be used to confirm any abnormalities appreciated with the bimanual examination or when indicated by the patient's history.

The main conditions dealt with by a gynaecologist are:

• Amenorrhea (absent menstrual periods)

• Cancer and pre-cancerous diseases of the reproductive organs

• Dysmenorrhoea (painful menstrual periods)

• Incontinence of urine.

• Infertility

• Menorrhagia (heavy menstrual periods). T

• Prolapse of pelvic organs

There is some crossover in these areas. For example, a woman with incontinence may be referred to a urologist.

Gynaecologists use medical or surgical therapies or both.

Surgery, however, is the mainstay of gynaecological therapy, some being:

• Appendectomy

• Cervical Excision Procedures

• Diagnostic laparoscopy

• Dilation and curettage

• Exploratory laparotomy

• Hysterectomy

• Hysteroscopy

• Oophorectomy

• Surgical treatment of pelvic organ

• Tubal ligation

• Various surgical treatments for urinary incontinence



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